Part A 14.Select the correct Sentence

0
57
part a 14(tnpsc english study material)

There are four types of English sentence, classified by their purpose:

  • declarative sentence (statement)
  • interrogative sentence (question)
  • imperative sentence (command)
  • exclamative sentence (exclamation)
form function example sentence (clause) final punctuation
1 declarative statement: It tells us something John likes Mary. .
2 interrogative question: It asks us something Does Mary like John? ?
3 imperative command: It tells us to do something Stop!
Close the door.
! or .
4 exclamative exclamation: It expresses surprise What a funny story he told us! !

1. Declarative Sentence (statement)

Declarative sentences make a statement. They tell us something. They give us information, and they normally end with a full-stop/period.

The usual word order for the declarative sentence is:

  • subject + verb…

Declarative sentences can be positive or negative. Look at these examples:

positive negative
I like coffee. I do not like coffee.
We watched TV last night. We did not watch TV last night.

Declarative sentences are the most common type of sentence.

Examples:

  1. The sky is blue
  2. I am a third-grade student
  3. he is a great reader
  4. we have a program in the morning
  5. our class is having a party on Friday

2. Interrogative Sentence (question)

Interrogative sentences ask a question. They ask us something. They want information, and they always end with a question mark.

The usual word order for the interrogative sentence is:

  • (wh-word +) auxiliary + subject + verb…

Interrogative sentences can be positive or negative. Look at these examples:

positive negative
Do you like coffee? Don’t you like coffee?
Why did you go? Why didn’t you go?

 

Examples:

  1. How is your business going on?
  2. Who fixed the computer?
  3. What time is it now?
  4. Whom do you support?
  5. How many people have died there?

3. Imperative Sentence (command)

Imperative sentences give a command. They tell us to do something, and they end with a full-stop/period (.) or exclamation mark/point (!).

The usual word order for the imperative sentence is:

  • base verb…

Note that there is usually no subject—because the subject is understood, it is YOU.

Imperative sentences can be positive or negative. Look at these examples:

positive negative
Stop! Do not stop!
Give her coffee. Don’t give her coffee.

 

Examples:

  1. Bring me a glass of water
  2. Take a step and don’t move.
  3. Never forget the person who loves you.
  4. kindly bring the book to me.
  5. please grant me a leave.

4. Exclamative Sentence (exclamation)

Exclamative sentences express strong emotion/surprise—an exclamation—and they always end with an exclamation mark/point (!).

The usual word order for the exclamative sentence is:

  • What (+ adjective) + noun + subject + verb
  • How (+ adjective/adverb) + subject + verb

examples:

  1. What a liar he is!
  2. What an exciting movie it was!
  3. How he lied!
  4. How exciting the movie was!
  5. What a lovely bouquet of flowers!

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here