The person who does the action in the sentence
The word that indicates an action done by the subject or expresses a state of being or show possession
The word or phrase which completes the meaning is called a compliment. It is of two kinds as ‘subject complement’ and ‘object complement’.
The word which receives the action from the subject is the object of the sentence.
In a sentence, the object which answers for the question ‘what’ is called direct object.
In a sentence, the object which answers for the question ‘to whom’ is called indirect object.
Adjunct is a word or group of words which provides answers to the questions ‘How’, ’Why’, ’When’ or ‘Where’
Important Sentence pattern:
SV (Subject + Verb)
SVO (Subject + Verb + Object)
SV IO DO (Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object)
SVC (Subject + Verb + Complement)
SVOC (Subject + Verb + Object + Complement)
has been working
SV IO DO
|a pena watch
|my friendan honorable man
A word that sounds the same as another word but different in meaning, spelling and origin is called homophones.
|adapt – make suitableadopt – take in one’s family as son or daughter||ark – a boatare – a part of a circle||sole – bottom surface of shoessoul – spirit||dew – early morning moisturedue – what one deserves|
|altar – sacred place of worshipalter – change||dye – to colourdie – expire||angle – point of meeting of two linesankle – the joint that connects leg with the foot||gilt – gold colourguilt – sinfulness|
|ail – disturbale – beer||pray – offer prayerprey – animal/bird hunted for food||decent – looking nicedescent – coming down||week – days in calendarweak – lacking strength|
|berth – a sleeping seat in trainbirth – new life||plain – simpleplane – surface||cession –yieldingsession – period of working of committee, etc||effect – produce an impact or changeaffect – make a show of|
|beach – sea shorebeech – a tree||rice – a food grainrise – come up||lightening – decreaselightning – flash in the clouds during rain||vain – uselessvein – blood vessel to heart|
|blue – colourblew – produce a current of air||sealing – mark with stampceiling – inner roof||check – preventcheque – pay order by a bank||coarse – roughcourse – onward movement|
|sell – give in exchange for moneycell – small room for one person||capital – seat of administrationcapitol – building of US Parliament||council – assemblycounsel – advice||sale – an act of sellingsail – to set out on a voyage|
|wait – delay actingweight – measurement of an object||roll – form in cylindrical shaperole – part||bail – securitybale – big packing||lessen – mitigatelesson – portion|
|vacation – long holidaysvocation – occupation||principal – chiefprinciple – truth||steal – take secretlysteel – hard alloy of iron||heel – the back part of human foot below the ankleheal – to restore to health|