Part A 13.Comprehension

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part a 13(tnpsc english study material)

COMPREHENSION:

There are two elements that make up the process of reading comprehension: vocabulary knowledge and text comprehension. In order to understand a text, the reader must be able to comprehend the vocabulary used in the piece of writing. If the individual words don’t make the sense then the overall story will not either. The best vocabulary instruction occurs at the point of need. Parents and teachers should pre-teach new words that a child will encounter in a text or aid her in understanding unfamiliar words as she comes upon them in the writing. In addition to being able to understand each distinct word in a text, the child also has to be able to put them together to develop an overall conception of what it is trying to say. This is text comprehension. Text comprehension is much more complex and varied that vocabulary knowledge. Readers use many different text comprehension strategies to develop reading comprehension. These include monitoring for understanding, answering and generating questions, summarizing and being aware of and using a text’s structure to aid comprehension.

TIPS 

Read the passage once and get hold of the relevant theme

Now go through the answers and cut out the most inaccurate ones

With the shortlisted answers at hand read through the passage again and correlate the degree of accuracy with the passages to identify the answers

When trying to spot the answers, more importantly, shed off your direct opinions and prejudices on the topic if any.

If you are in doubt, extend the given passage with the option you choose from; this way you can figure out which option adapts into the story well

EXAMPLE 01

Many pathogens that cause foodborne illnesses are unknown. Food contamination can occur at any stage from farm to plate. Since most cases of food poisoning go unreported, the true extent of global foodborne illnesses is unknown. Improvements in international monitoring have led to greater public awareness, yet the rapid globalization of food production increases consumers’ vulnerability by making food harder to regulate and trace. “We have the world on our plates”, says an official of WHO.

QUESTION 

Which of the following is the most logical corollary to the above passage?

(a) With more options for food come more risks.

(b) Food processing is the source of all foodborne illnesses.

(c) We should depend on locally produced food only.

(d) Globalization of food production should be curtailed.

ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION

(c) We should depend on locally produced food only.

(d) Globalization of food production should be curtailed.

Unless otherwise assumed these answers cannot be true

(b) Food processing is the source of all foodborne illnesses. Though this seems to be the implied meaning this cannot be true because it is just a crude assumption we hardly constructed from the passage

(a) With more options for food come more risks.

EXAMPLE 02

This option can be the answer because wildly this is the implied meaning though explicitly unstated

Though I have discarded much of past tradition and custom, and am anxious that India should rid herself of all shackles that bind and contain her and divide her people, and suppress vast numbers of them, and prevent the free development of the body and the spirit; though I seek all this, yet I do not wish to cut myself off from that past completely. I am proud of that great inheritance that has been and is, ours and I am conscious that I too, like all of us, am a link in that unbroken chain which goes back to the dawn of history in the immemorial past of India.

QUESTION 

The author wants India to rid herself of certain past bonds because

(a) he is not able to see the relevance of the past

(b) there is not much to be proud of

(c) he is not interested in the history of India

(d) they obstruct her physical and spiritual growth

ANSWER 

The passage directly answers the question provided, with a little synonymous terms like physical for body and Spiritual for spirit. Hence you can easily answer the question form the above passage

(d) they obstruct her physical and spiritual growth

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